There are numerous wine hotels in Spain, which has a rich wine heritage, great climate and superb local produce and cuisine. – a huge range from the cool green hills of the north west to the hotter, drier plains of the centre.
Some of the D.O.s (Denominación de Origen) recognised wine regions include:
- Rioja – the most famous red wine region in Spain – based mainly on Tempranillo but also Graciano and Garnacha grapes. Oak is used for long ageing – a classic Rioja style. Also white wines based on the Viura grape.
- Ribera del Duero – a more modern style, full-bodied and slightly more rustic.. mostly based on Tempranillo.
- Toro – near Ribera del Duero, but based on a varietal of Tempranillo the Tinta de Toro, some of the oldest vines in Spain.
- Priorat – An old wine making region in a small mountainous region near Barcelona. Old vines of Garnacha and Cariñena, often blended with small amounts of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.
- Jumilla, Yecla – on the Mediterranean coast and home of the Monastrell, or (French Mourvèdre).
- Bierzo – in the Northwest corner of Spain with a cool climate – based on the native Mencía grape
- Rias Baixas – white wines from the Northwest, using the Albariño grape.
- Rueda – using the native Verdejo grapes, sometimes with Sauvignon Blanc.
- Valdeorras – In the Northwest of Spain and home to the white Godello grape
- Cava – the Spanish sparkling wine, produced in the same way as Champagne, usually a blend of 3 grapes: Viura (aka Macabeo), Parellada, and Xarel.lo.
- Jerez – a fortified wine made from white grapes that are grown near the town of Jerez de la Frontera in Andalusia, Spain. Sherry is produced in a variety of styles made primarily from the Palomino grape, ranging from light versions similar to white table wines, such as Manzanilla and Fino, to darker and heavier versions that have been allowed to oxidise as they age in barrel, such as Amontillado and Oloroso.
Some wines are also produced on the Balaeric and Canary Islands.
There are two special wine appellation regions which are classed as DOCa (DOQ in Catalan) – qualified wine regions: Rioja and Priorat.